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Installing Joomla [version 3.9.0]

To install Joomla, you need to follow these steps:


1. Download the installation from the site of the vendor. Joomla can be obtained from:

http://www.joomla.org/

2. Once you have downloaded the archive that contains the installation, you need to upload it into your disk space.

You can either extract all the files from the downloaded archive and upload them, or you can upload the archive and use the web hosting Control Panel's File Manager to extract the package.

The best way to upload big files or multiple files is via FTP. If you are not sure how to upload the files, please visit this page.

If you are installing the application in your main domain, or in a subdomain, you may need to delete the default index.php file first. You can do this either via FTP or through your web hosting Control Panel's File Manager.

3. You need to create a MySQL database for the Joomla application. You can do this through your web hosting Control Panel's MySQL Databases section.

You also need to create an additional MySQL user for Joomla. You can create it from the MySQL Databases section of your Control Panel as well. Be sure to grant all privileges to the MySQL subuser.

4.  Joomla requires that display_errors is disabled. To disable display_errors, you can create and use php.ini files that contain the following lines:

display_errors = Off
zend_extension = /usr/local/ioncube/ioncube.so
post_max_size = 20M 
memory_limit = -1 
upload_max_filesize = 20M 
max_execution_time = 120 
expose_php = Off
session.save_path = /tmp
error_reporting = E_ALL & ~E_STRICT & ~E_NOTICE & ~E_DEPRECATED
date.timezone = ${TZ}
You can create php.ini files through the File Manager section of your web hosting Control Panel. After you have created the php.ini file, copy it to the folder where Joomla has been extracted and to its administrator and installation subfolders. Note that regular php.ini files do not work recursively, and you need to add the file in each directory where you want the PHP behavior changed. By default, date.timezone is set to the server's time zone. If you need to change it, you can look up your specific time zone setting at http://php.net/timezones.

Alternatively, you can use the above lines in a global php.ini file, and then you will not need to create and place separate php.ini files in the aforementioned directories. You can create and edit the global php.ini file for your account via the PHP Settings section of the Control Panel. 

5.Make sure your browser accepts cookies. Then access the directory in which you have placed the Joomla installation files. Choose the language for the installation process and fill out the Main Configuration form. You will need to specify the following settings:

Site Name: This should be a name of your choice, which would be related to the content of your site, to your company name or to your domain name for example. 
Description: Enter a short description of your site.
Email: Enter your administrative e-mail address for managing Joomla.
Username: You need to select a username for administering your Joomla site.
Password: Enter a password of your choice, through which you would administer your Joomla application.
Confirm Administrator Password: You need to confirm the password you assigned to your Super User Account.
Site Offline: You can choose whether to have the site online or not after the installation completes.

Configuration

Click "Next" to proceed.

6. In step "2: Database", you need to configure your MySQL settings. Choose MySQLi for the "Database Type" and insert the following values:

Host Name: localhost
Username: You need to enter the MySQL username you created at your web hosting Control Panel's MySQL section for your Joomla application
Password: You need to enter the password you assigned to your MySQL user. 
Database Name: You need to specify the MySQL database you created for your Joomla application.
Table Prefix: You should leave this setting to its default value, unless you are installing more than one instance of Joomla in the same database.
Old Database Process: You do not need to modify this setting. 

Database Configuration

Please note that all values are case sensitive. Be sure to enter your details in matching letter case.

Click "Next". 

7. Step 3 is the Overview page. It will list all entered settings, as well as the results of the installation requirements check. Under the Finalisation section you can choose whether to install sample data or no. When you are ready, click "Install".

Finalization

8. You need to remove the "installation" directory of your Joomla application. You will be able to this at the final screen of the installation with the "Remove installation folder" button. You can also do this at a later time through your web hosting Control Panel's File Manager or via FTP. 

9. If you want to see your new Joomla site, click the "Site" button. In case you wish to go to the site administration interface, click the "Administrator" button.

IMPORTANT SECURITY NOTICES:

- you should monitor the site of the software vendor for any security updates of your installed application.

- to increase the security of your installed application, we strongly advise you to password-protect the administration folder of your Joomla (/administrator). This can be done through the Protection -> Web access protection section of your hosting Control Panel. More information on the Protection interface can be found here. Password-protecting the administration folder will block most of the automatic intrusion attempts.