Last updated January 10, 2022
- What are TLDs/domain extensions?
- How did domain names appear?
- What are the most popular TLDs?
- Which are the ones to avoid?
- How many TLDs are there?
- The most expensive domains in the world
- Where should you register your domain name?
What are TLDs/domain extensions?
When trying to reach a website or an email address one always needs to add a dot at the end of its name followed by some letters. Those letters are the top-level domain (TLD), also known as domain extension or suffix. To illustrate with our own domain name ICDSoft.com: “.com” is the top-level domain and “ICDSoft” is the second-level domain. The name most meaningful to people usually comes at the second level to the left of the dot (whitehouse.gov), or in some cases at the third level (pm.gov.au).
How did domain names appear?
In the infancy of the Internet, networked computers were identified and accessed only by a string of numbers delimited by dots. These are called IP (Internet Protocol) addresses. However, they were difficult to remember, so easier to remember and use domain names were invented to simplify the access to resources on the Internet. Domain names are meaningful words or strings of characters, numbers and some punctuation marks that are matched to the IP addresses of computers (servers) by Domain Name System (DNS) servers. With the invention of the World Wide Web and the rapid growth of the number of business and personal websites since the mid 1990s, the importance of recognizable and easy to remember domain names became even more important.
What are the most popular TLDs?
It is not easy (may be even impossible) to get a completely accurate number of the registered domains of each TLD, as not all registries publish their domain count. That's why in the following table, we have made an overview of the data coming from 4 reputable providers: Verisign, DomainTools, W3Techs, and ZoneFiles.io. The table is sortable, just click on the title of the column.
|TLD||Verisign ↕||DomainTools ↕||W3Techs ↕||ZoneFiles.io ↕|
As you can see from the data the only thing that all reports fully agree on is that .com still reigns supreme. Dotcom has become more or less synonymous with the World Wide Web, and it doesn’t seem like it will be dethroned any time soon.
As to country-code TLDs, as long as they keep their real numbers private, all we can enjoy are various flavors of speculation.
You can find information about the providers and their methodology below:
Which are the ones to avoid?
Their ranking uses a formula that is based on the number of registered domains and the number of "bad" domains. We strongly recommend that you check their website for the most current list (it is updated very frequently):
How many TLDs are there?
According to the Root Zone Database of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA.org), as of January 14, 2020, there were 1578 TLDs of all types without counting the ones listed as "retired" and "test".
IANA distinguishes among the following groups of top-level domains:
Country-code top-level domains (ccTLD)
Generic top-level domains (gTLD)
Sponsored top-level domains (sTLD)
Infrastructure top-level domain
The most expensive domains in the world
It is speculated that the most expensive domain ever sold is cars.com. It was reportedly purchased for $872 million USD by the company Gannet Co., Inc.
Other notable sales are these of CarInsurance.com, Insurance.com, VacationRentals.com, and PrivateJet.com, but these deals usually include transfer of other assets as well, or aren't verifiable.
The following list includes only all-cash sales of domains (not websites, or businesses including domains):
|Domain Name||Sold for||Year of sale|
Where should you register your domain name?
You place a lot of trust in the company handling your domain name registration and having a reputable company for this task is of upmost importance. Many registrars have employed shady practices over the years (like "pre-registering" domains which users searched on their site, for example), so be careful when choosing.
ICDSoft has been in the domain registration and hosting business for nearly 20 years now. We are independently owned and trusted by tens of thousands of customers. We maintain a completely transparent domain pricing policy and sell domains at wholesale prices, as we believe that they should be a commodity item.
All registration, renewal and transfer prices are clearly listed, and you can find them in our domain pricing list.
Fair Pricing for Domains
ICDSoft offers domains at wholesale prices